Ten years after the beginning of the so-called war against drug trafficking, in Mexico there have been over 186,000 homicides and 28,937 disappearances.
According to statistics from the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP), from 2006 to 2016, the map of drug traffic changed substantially, large cartels went from from four to eight organizations, and 85 cells or gangs appeared, in some cases those smaller cells had ties to the cartels and operated throughout the country.
In the middle of this scenario, the number of people killed during this decade (186 thousand 534) would be equivalent to the inhabitants of the following municipalities: Guanajuato, Guanajuato (184 thousand 239 inhabitants); Zinacantepec, in Mexico State (188 thousand 239), and Manzanillo, Colima (176 thousand 237), according to data from the Intercensal Survey 2015, conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI).
According to the figures, the intentional homicides throughout these years have been officially recorded as follows: in 2006, 11,806 cases; In 2007, 10 thousand 253; In 2008, 13,155; In 2009, 16,118; In 2010, 20 thousand 680, and in 2011, 22 thousand 852 cases; The latter has been the most violent year, according to SESNSP records.
Felipe Calderón’s term ended in 2012 with 21,736 homicides, and in the first full year of the mandate of Enrique Peña Nieto, 2013, there were 18,332 cases; In 2014, 15 thousand 653; In 2015, 17 thousand 34, and from January to November of this year they have added 18 thousand 915 willful homicides.
In terms of missing persons in the country, 28,997 cases have been registered, including those from before 2007 to date. The most affected entities are Tamaulipas, with 5,263 cases; State of Mexico, with 2,984; Sinaloa, with 2,385; Nuevo Leon, 2,374; Chihuahua, 933, and Coahuila, with 1,620.
The organized crime map has changed in the past 10 years, and for two years the violence not only occurred between the main cartels that control 80% of the Mexican territory and that are known as Sinaloa Cartel and The Zetas; Other groups considered to be emerging, such as the Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG), the Acapulco cartel and La Resistencia, which are involved in the dispute over the production and distribution of synthetic drugs and cocaine in retail areas in Jalisco, Colima, Nayarit, Guerrero, Quintana Roo, Michoacán, Mexico City and its surrounding towns, officials of the National Security Cabinet revealed.
Currently, according to records of the Attorney General’s Office (PGR), there are eight large drug trafficking organizations in Mexico, but most of them have cells, they identified 60 of them and operate throughout the country as henchmen for groups such as the Jalisco Nueva cartel Generation, the Beltran Leyva cartel, the Sinaloa cartel, La Familia Michoacana, the Gulf cartel, the Los Zetas cartel, the Los Caballeros Templarios cartel, the Juarez cartel and the Arellano Felix cartel.